1Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA, USA
2Tufts Veterinary Emergency Treatment and Specialties, Walpole, MA, USA
Elizabeth Rozanski DVM, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, 200 Westborough Road, North Grafton, MA 02081, USA Email:email@example.com
Thirty-five cases of spontaneous pneumothorax were reviewed. In contrast to dogs, cats with an established etiology all had spontaneous pneumothorax associated with lung disease. Underlying diseases identified in affected cats included inflammatory airway disease, neoplasia, heartworm infection, pulmonary abscess and lungworm infection. Many cats were managed successfully with observation alone or needle thoracocentesis and specific therapy for their primary lung disease. Cats who present with spontaneous pneumothorax may be treated successfully with non-surgical therapies and appear to have a better prognosis than previously extrapolated from canine studies.