Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Queimaduras / Thermal injury

Compendium December 2011 (Vol 33, Issue 12)

Compendium December 2011 (Vol 33, Issue 12)

Thermal Injury

by Katie Frantz, DVM, Christopher G. Byers, DVM, DACVECC, DACVIM (SAIM)
    Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2011 Dec;33(12):E1. Review.


This article addresses the pathophysiology of thermal burns, focusing on the complex inflammatory component, potential complications, and treatment strategies.

Thermal injury is a relatively uncommon presentation in veterinary medicine. Contact with an electric heating pad, a hot muffler of a motor vehicle, or an open flame is the most common inciting cause.1 Severe thermal injuries, particularly full-thickness burns exceeding 30% of total body surface area, provoke a profound systemic inflammatory response characterized by leukocyte activation and plasma leakage in the microvasculature of tissues or organs remote from the wound.2 Burns may be caused by exposure to heat (thermal burns), electricity, chemicals, or radiation.

Schematic diagram of burn model

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